I was looking up design reference images of watch faces the other day, and I ran across this great Evolution watch at Tom’s Shed at Cabanon Press.
Scientists at the University of California have implanted electrodes into different spots in a giant flower beetle’s brain. Those electrodes are wired to a microcontroller and wireless radio which receives commands from a laptop. By sending electric impulses to the beetle’s optic lobes and flight muscles the scientists are able to directly control the beetle’s flight. Pulses of varying frequency, amplitude, and duration have different effects on the beetle’s motor activity. Instead of trying to redesign a system that can maintain flight from scratch, these scientists are piggybacking on millions of ears of evolutionary progress in the natural world. A cyborg in the most literal sense. Technologyreview.com has an article that explains all of this much better than I can. What’s most impressive, though, is the video. Be sure to take a look at it.
There seems to be two reactions to this news, wonder and nervousness. Personally, I rank myself in the ‘wonder’ category. The story popped up as a Twitter post from Ed Stafford (@pixel8r) right as I was hitting the meat of the book How the Mind Works (which I wrote about briefly earlier). The mechanical processes that go on inside our nerual systems are extremely fascinating, and it’s exciting to see progress in the field.
I think the nervousness (or straight up fear) from most people comes from a couple areas: the concepts of sentience and conciousness in organisms (with the concepts of suffering in the beetle), and the fact that the research was funded by the Department of Defense. For sure, these aren’t issues to be made light of, and there’s some very interesting discussion going on in the comments of this Hack a Day post about the story.
I for one would like to welcome our new robotic beetle overlords.
For the past few weeks I’ve been working my way through the book How the Mind Works (Amazon Link) on my Kindle in my spare time. I’m not going to try to give a full review here since I’m only about half way through the book, but I did want to write a quick post here recommending it. The author, Steven Pinker, does an amazing job of taking extremely complex concepts and distilling them down into language and metaphors that anyone can understand. Among many other points, Pinker touches on how the mind works mechanically, why it may have evolved into the form it is in today, and the differences between cognition and sentience.
The book covers much more ground than I can summarize here, so check out some of the Amazon reviews for more information. Pinker has written a few other books since How the Mind Works, and I’m trying to work my way up chronologically. I started to read the begining of his book The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature, which covers how our mind developed and uses language internally and externally. It was very interesting and I’m looking forward to getting to read the whole book.